First Aid

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Requirements:

1.   Satisfy your counselor that you have current knowledge of all
     first aid requirements for Tenderfoot, Second Class, and
     First Class ranks. 
2.   Do the following:
     (a)   Explain how you would obtain emergency medical
           assistance from your home, on a wilderness camping
           trip, and during an activity on open water.
     (b)   Prepare a first aid kit for your home. Display and
           discuss its contents with your counselor. 
3.   Do the following:
     (a)   Explain what action you should take for someone who
           shows signs of a heart attack.
     (b)   Identify the conditions that must exist before
           performing CPR on a person.
     (c)   Demonstrate proper technique in performing CPR
           using a training device approved by your counselor.
     (d)   Show the steps that need to be taken for someone
           suffering from a severe laceration on the leg and
           on the wrist. Tell the dangers in the use of a
           tourniquet and the conditions under which its use
           is justified.
     (e)   Explain when a bee sting could be life threatening
           and what action should be taken for prevention for
           first aid.
     (f)   Explain the symptoms of heat stroke and what action
           needs to be taken for first aid and for prevention. 
4.   Do the following:
     (a)   Describe the signs of a broken bone. Show first aid
           procedures for handling fractures, including open
           (compound) fractures of the forearm, wrist, upper
           leg, and lower leg using improvised materials.
     (b)   Describe the symptoms and possible complications
           and demonstrate proper procedures for treating
           suspected injuries to the back, neck, and head.
           Explain what measures can be taken to reduce the
           possibility of further complicating these
           injuries. 
5.   Describe the symptoms, proper first aid procedures, and
     possible prevention measures for the following conditions:
     (a)   Hypothermia
     (b)   Convulsions
     (c)   Frostbite
     (d)   Bruises, strains, sprains
     (e)   Burns
     (f)   Abdominal pain
     (g)   Broken, chipped, or loosened tooth
     (h)   Knocked out tooth
     (i)   Muscle cramps
6.   Do the following:
     (a)   If a sick or injured person must be moved, tell how
           you would determine the best method.
     (b)   With helpers under your supervision, improvise a
           stretcher and move a presumably unconscious person. 
7.   Teach another Scout a first aid skill selected by your
     counselor.